Sustainable Development Goals

            Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

            Oceans, seas and coastal areas provide the world with numerous goods fundamental to human well-being and global food security.

            Fisheries and aquaculture offer ample opportunities to reduce hunger and improve nutrition, alleviate poverty, generate economic growth and ensure better use of natural resources. Aquaculture is the fastest-growing food sector and has the potential to produce the fish needed to help meet the demands of a growing population.

            However, overfishing threatens livelihoods, unmanaged aquaculture expansion can cause pollution and rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere contribute to ocean acidification.

            FAO initiatives focus on promoting good governance, participatory decision-making processes and best practices in fisheries. FAO's Blue Growth Initiative aims at harmonising the environmental, social and economic aspects of living aquatic resources to ensure equitable benefits for communities.


            The success of the Sustainable Development Goals rests to a large extent on effective monitoring, review and follow-up processes. SDG indicators are the foundation of this new global framework for mutual accountability. FAO is the ‘custodian’ UN agency for 21 indicators, for SDGs 2, 5, 6, 12, 14 and 15 and a contributing agency for four more.

            14.4.1 Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels

            14.6.1 Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

            14.7.1 Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries

            14.b.1 Progress by countries in adopting and implementing a legal / regulatory / policy / institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries

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            FAO Publications

            Reporting on Sustainable Development Goal Target 14.b and its indicator 14.b.1 - Guidance for Pacific Island countries

            Guidance to help Pacific Island countries better understand and improve reporting on SDG indicator 14.b.1: Access rights for small-scale fisheries.

            Tracking progress on food and agriculture-related SDG indicators 2021

            Alarming new FAO report shows decades of development efforts undermined

            The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020 (SOFIA)

            This issue of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture aims to provide objective, reliable and up-to-date data and information to a wide range of readers – policy- makers, managers, scientists, stakeholders and indeed all those interested [...]

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